Project Leader: Tobias Hagmann
GOVSEA analyses state formation dynamics under conditions of limited statehood by examining the governance of economic hubs and flows and their state effects in Somali East Africa. We analyze and document 1) how trade and transport operators manage livestock and select consumer goods in situations of weak statehood, 2) how trading and transport of these commodities effect security, revenue and regulation, and 3) how these processes produce different types of authority. We study market places and different ‘bundles’ of commodities in three transboundary trade corridors that connect Somalia to its hinterland. A consortium of five Danish and East African academic institutions implement the project. The project is comparative and interdisciplinary in scope.
Project Leader: Lars Buur
The HIERARCHIES research programme researches how struggles related to large-scale investments into natural resources reconfigure rights to land by local populations in Sub-Saharan Africa. Large-scale investments into natural resources have the potential to accelerate economic growth, create jobs and strengthen links between local economies and world markets. However, investments often end up upsetting rights and causing social protests and political instability. HIERARCHIES explores the conditions under which investments potentially can be implemented without violating the rights of local populations in investments into oil/gas, mining and agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa based on a set of primarily qualitative comparative case study methodologies.
Project Leader: Lindsay Whitfield
AFRICAP examines industrialization in African countries in the context of increasingly globalized production networks coordinated through transnational inter-firm linkages. African-owned firms often struggle to enter new export sectors in manufacturing and agro-processing, to remain competitive within them, and to capture greater value. AFRICAP focuses on firm-level capability building and combines this firm level analysis with an understanding of global value chains and national institutional factors. The project analyzes various channels that facilitate learning among firms: industrial policies, foreign direct investment spillovers, and firm-specific networks and experience.
Project Leader: Lone Riisgaard
This project investigates emerging collective forms of informal worker organization, and their potential for enabling informal worker access to social protection measures in Kenya and Tanzania. Rather than seeing a decrease in informal work due to globalization, for most workers in the Global South informality is the norm often resulting in precarious livelihoods characterized by little or no social protection. Focusing on the construction, petty trade and transport sectors, this project examines how informal workers are responding in ways that might challenge dominant processes and ideas of social protection, and how effectively.
Project Leader: Lisa Ann Richey
Commodifying Compassion a four year research project funded by the Danish Council for Independent Research that aims to understand how ‘helping’ has become a marketable commodity and how this impacts humanitarianism symbolically and materially. It examines ethical consumption intended to benefit humanitarian causes from the perspectives of consumers, businesses, NGOs and recipients. This is the first project to include the cause beneficiaries’ regimes of value as an important component in understanding the ethical dilemmas of ‘helping.’ The research will produce a better understanding by humanitarian organizations and businesses leading to more ethical fundraising, donors weighing consumption-based models as part of more effective aid, and consumers making more informed choices about ‘helping’ by buying brand aid products. The project explores the dynamics of consumption for a humanitarian cause in three different contexts where humanitarianism has been a realm traditionally dominated by the state (Denmark), the church (Italy) and the market (United States).