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Hierarchies of Rights: All Publications

Here you will find all publications from researchers with affiliation to the research programme.
This include publications by people not employed by Roskilde University.
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Buur, Lars, J.J. Macuane, F. Maganga and R.H. Pedersen. 2023. Edited volume (forthcoming) Land, Rights and the Politics of Investments in Africa. Elgar Publishers.

Introduction. Lars Buur, José J. Macuane, Faustin Maganga and Rasmus H. Pedersen

Chapter 1. Community Participation in Tanzania’s Petroleum Sector. Opportuna L. Kweka and Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen

Chapter 2. LNG investments in Mozambique: compensation deals and the dynamics of local state-making. Padil Salimo

Chapter 3. The double role of the state: the state as investor and mediator in the coal sector in Tanzania. Thabit Jacob

Chapter 4. Riding the waves of change: changing relations in the Ugandan sugar sector. Malin J. Nystrand, Arthur Sserwanga and Brenda Kyomuhendo

Chapter 5. The politics of smallholder-investor relationship in the Tanzanian sugar sector.Emmanuel Sulle, Faustin Maganga, Rose Qamara, Evans Boadu, HappinesMalle and Onesmo Minani

Chapter 6. A failing local exchange deal: Rights to land and resources in the Wanbao rice investment in Mozambique. Lars Buur and Kathrine Beykirch

Chapter 7. Exchange relations in rice contract farming schemes in Tanzania. Eileen Dyer Jarnholt, Faustin Maganga, and George Schoneveld

Conclusion. Lars Buur and Rasmus H. Pedersen

Kweka, Opportuna. 2023 accepted. Towards a Sub-national Local Content in the Natural Gas and related Investments in Tanzania. The Tanzania Journal of Development Studies. Https://


Macuane, José Jaime, Lars Buur and Padil Salimo. 2022. Institutional Reform and Pockets of Effectiveness in the Mozambique Gas Sector. SECO Working paper 2022: 2. Socio-Economic Research Centre (SECO), Roskilde University, Denmark. 

Salimo, Padil. 2022. Governing petroleum in Mozambique: Contentious governance reforms and deal-making. PhD thesis, Roskilde University, Denmark.

Pedersen, R. H. and L. Buur. 2022. 'Energikrise: Gasboom er et tveægget sværd i Afrika', Politiken. (3/9 2022) 

Buur, Lars. 2022. Interview. Return to Sender? Arne Wangel. Danish Development Research Network.

Buur, Lars. 2022. Interview. Danmark har fået en minegigant. Og den er kulsort. DanWatch.


Kjær, A.M., Ole Therkildsen, Lars Buur, and Michael Wendelboe Hansen (2021) When ‘pockets of effectiveness’ matter politically: extractive industry regulation and taxation in Uganda and Tanzania. Extractive Industries and Society, 8. Pp. 294–302.

Bélair, J. and Jacob, T. (2021). Civil society's positionality in new development chains: insights from the land and mining sectors in Tanzania.  In A. Zoomers, M. Leung, K. Otsuki, & G. Van Westen (Eds.), Handbook of Translocal Development and Global Mobilities. Edward Elgar Publishing.

F. N.Rasool, M. A.Saavedra, S. Pamba, V. Perold, A. J.Mmochi, M. Maalim, L. Simonsen, . Buur. R. H.Pedersen, K. Syberg, and L. Jelsba. 2021. Isolation and characterization of human pathogenic multidrug resistant bacteria associated with plastic litter collected in Zanzibar. Journal of Hazardous Materials. Volume 405, March 2021.  


Jacob, Thabit. 2020. The Return of The State: A Political Economy of Resource Nationalism and Revived State-Owned Enterprises in Tanzania’s Coal Sector. PhD Thesis. Roskilde university.

Jarnholt, Eileen Dyer. 2020. Contract Farming Schemes in Rice and Sugar in Tanzania: The Implication for Exchange Relations, Power Distribution and Differentiation. PhD thesis. Roskilde University, Denmark.

Buur, Lars and Malin J. Nystrand. 2020. Mediating Bureaucrats: Embedded Economic Action in the Mozambican Sugar Industry. Journal of Modern African Studies, Volume 58, Issue 3. Pp. 337-360.

Buur, Lars, Rasmus H. Pedersen, Malin J. Nystrand, José J. Macuane, and Thabit Jacob. 2020. The politics of natural resource investments and rights in Africa: A theoretical approach, The Extractive Industries and Society, Volume 7, Issue 3, July 2020, Pp. 918-930.

Frynas, George and Lars Buur. 2020. The presource curse in Africa: Economic and political effects of anticipating natural resource revenues. The Extractive Industries and Society. Volume 7, Issue 4, November 2020, Pages 1257-1270

Salimo, Padil, Lars Buur and José Jaime Macuane. 2020. The Politics of Domestic Gas: The Sasol Natural Gas Deals in Mozambique. The Extractive Industries and Society. Volume 7, Issue 4, November 2020, Pages 1219-1229

Peter Bofin, Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen, and Thabit Jacob (2020). "The politics of power and natural gas in Tanzania: How political settlement dynamics shapes deals in a ‘new oil’ country "  ESID Working Paper No. 149.

Pedersen, R. H., Jacob, T., and Bofin, P.. (2020). Resource nationalism: Enabler or spoiler of pockets of effectiveness in ‘new oil’ Tanzania’s petroleum sector? . ESID Working Paper No. 144

Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen, Thabit Jacob and Peter Bofin (2020). "From moderate to radical resource nationalism in the boom era: Pockets of eectiveness under stress in ‘new oil’ Tanzania." The Extractive Industries and Society 7: 1211–1218.


Monjane, Marcos, Celso. 2019. Rethinking the political economy of commodity-based linkages: Insights from the coal sector in Mozambique. PhD thesis, Roskilde University, Denmark.

Buur, Lars, R.H. Pedersen, M.J. Nystrand and J.J. Macuane. 2019. Understanding the three key relationships in natural resource investments in Africa: an analytical framework. The Extractive Industries and Society. Volume 6, Issue 4, November 2019, Pages 1195-1204.

Buur, Lars and Jason Sumich (2019) ‘No Smoke Without Fire’: Citizenship and Securing Economic Enclaves in Mozambique’. Development and Change, 50, 6, s. 1579–1601 doi/10.1111/dech.12511

Jacob, T. (2019). When good intentions turn bad: the unintended consequences of the 2016 Tanzanian coal import ban. The Extractive Industries and Society,

Pedersen, Rasmus Hundsbæk and Jacob, Thabit (2019). Resurgent resource nationalism in Tanzania’s petroleum sector. Oxford Energy Forum, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies., (117), 22-25.

Pedersen, Rasmus. H., Willison Mutagwaba, Jesper Bosse Jønsson, George Schoneveld, Thabit Jacob, Maisory Chacha, Xiaoxue Weng, and Maria G. Njau.  (2019). "Mining-sector dynamics in an era of resurgent resource nationalism: Changing relations between large-scale mining and artisanal and small-scale mining in Tanzania." Resources Policy 62: 339-346.

Pedersen, R. H. and T. Jacob (2019). Political settlement and the politics of legitimation in countries undergoing democratisation: Insights from Tanzania. ESID Working Paper No. 124.

Pedersen, R. H. and P. Bofin (2019). "Muted market signals: politics, petroleum investments and regulatory developments in Tanzania." Journal of Eastern African Studies: 1-19.

Bofin, P. and R. H. Pedersen (2019). "Challenging prospects for upstream contracting in Tanzania." Oxford Energy Forum 117.

Buur, Lars. 2019. 2019. Interview. Fredsaftale i Mozambique. Radio 24/7. Datolinjen.


Salimo, Padil (2018) “The politics of LNG: local state power and contested demands for land acquisitions in Palma, Mozambique,” in Extractive Industries and Changing State Dynamics in Africa: Beyond the Resource Curse, ed., Jon Schubert, Ulf Engel, and Elísio Macamo (Routledge, 2018)

Jacob, T. and R. H. Pedersen (2018). "New resource nationalism? Continuity and change in Tanzania’s extractive industries." The Extractive Industries and Society 5(2): 287-292.

Macuane, José Jaime; Lars Buur, Celso Monjane (2018). Power, conflicts and natural resources: the Mozambican crisis revisited’, African Affairs, Volume 117(468): 415-438, July 2018.

Jacob, T. (2018). State caught in the middle: Coal extraction and community struggles in Tanzania. DIIS Working Paper (8). Danish Institute for International Studies Copenhagen, Denmark.

Buur, Lars and Padil Salimo (2018) ‘The political economy of social protection in Mozambique’. Manchester University, ESID working paper no 103.

Pedersen, R. H. (2018). State Orchestrated Access to Land Dispute Settlement in Africa. Land Conflicts and New Wave Land Reform in Tanzania. In (eds) O. Zenker and M. Höhne, The State and the Paradox of Customary Law in Africa. Routledge, Routledge: 163-184.

Pedersen, R. H. and P. Bærendtsen (2018). "Bistand: Hvilke interesser fremmer Danmark?" Politiken 2 Juni 2018.

Jacob, T. and R. H. Pedersen (2018). Social protection in an electorally competitive environment (1): The politics of Productive Social Safety Nets (PSSN) in Tanzania. ESID Working Paper No. 109.

Pedersen, R. H. and T. Jacob (2018). "Social protection in an electorally competitive environment (2): The politics of health insurance in Tanzania."  ESID Working Paper 110.


Sulle, E. (2017). Of Local People and Investors: The Dynamics of Land Rights Configuration in Tanzania. Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) Working Paper, Copenhagen: DIIS

Macuane, José Jaime; Lars Buur, Celso Monjane. 2017. ‘Power, conflicts and natural resources: the Mozambican crisis revisited’, African Affairs, pp. 1-24.

Jacob, Thabit (2017). Competing Energy Narratives in Tanzania: Towards the Political Economy of Coal. African Affairs, 116/463, 341—353.

Behuria Pritish, Lars Buur and Hazel Gray (2017) Research Note: Studying Political settlements in Africa. African Affairs, 116/464, 508—525.

Lindsay Whitfield, Ole Therkildsen, Lars Buur and Anne-Mette Kjær (2017): The Politics of African Industrial Policy, Cambridge University Press. paperback version. 

Pedersen, R. H. and T. Jacob (2017). "Reconfigured state-community relations in Africa’s extractive sectors: insights from post-liberalisation Tanzania." The Extractive Industries and Society 4: 915-922.

Pedersen, R. H. and O. Kweka (2017). "The political economy of petroleum investments and land acquisition standards in Africa: The case of Tanzania." Resources Policy 52: 217-225.

Buur, Lars & Celso Monjane (2017). Elite Capture and the Development of Natural Resource Linkages in Mozambique. In: Fairness and Justice in Natural Resource Politics, edited by M. Pichler, C. Staritz, K. Küblböck, C. Plank, W. Raza, and F.R. Peyré, 200-217. 1 ed. Vol. 13, Ch. 12 London and New York: Routledge book series.

Buur, L., Malin Nystrand and Rasmus H. Pedersen (2017). The political economy of land and natural resource investments in Africa. An analytical framework. DIIS Working Paper 2017: 2.

Bofin, P. and R. H. Pedersen (2017). Tanzania's oil and gas contract regime, investments and markets. DIIS Working Paper 2017:1, DIIS.

Thabit Jacob 2017. Comment on Energy in Tanzania. The Guardian newspaper (UK)   onment/2017/jun/26/tanzania- presses-on-hydroelectric-dam-vast- game-reserve?CMP=share_btn_tw

Pedersen, H. pedersen. 2017. Afrika er det kontinent, der bidrager mest til den globale befolkningstilvækst. Kristeligt Dagblad, 14 February 2017.

Buur, Lars. 2017. Interview. Afrika kunne sagtens klare sig selv - men det ville kræve, at dets ledere begik politisk selvmord. Peter Tygesen. Information.


Pedersen, R. H. and L. Buur (2016). "Beyond land grabbing. Old morals and new perspectives on contemporary investments." Geoforum 72: 77-81.

Pedersen, R. H. (2016). "Access to land reconsidered: The land grab, polycentric governance and Tanzania’s new wave land reform." Geoforum 72: 104-113.

Sulle, E. (2016): Social differentiation and the politics of land: sugarcane outgrowing in Kilombero, Tanzania, Journal of Southern African Studies, Volume 43 (3) 517-533  

Sulle, E. (2016): Land grabbing and commercialization duality: Insights from Tanzania’s agricultural transformation agenda, Afriche e orienti (Italian Journal on African and Middle Eastern Studies) 

Hansen, Michael, Lars Buur, Ole Therkildsen and Mette Kjær (2016) The Economics and Politics of Local Content in African Extractives: Lessons from Tanzania, Uganda and Mozambique. Forum for Development Studies, 43(2): 201-228.

Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen, Thabit Jacob, Faustin Maganga and Opportuna Kweka (2016) Rights to land and extractive resources in Tanzania (1/2): The history. DIIS Working Paper 2016: 11. 

Thabit Jacob, Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen, Faustin Maganga and Opportuna Kweka (2016) Rights to land and natural resources in Tanzania (2/2): The return of the state DIIS Working Paper 2016: 12.

Pedersen, R. H. and L. Buur (2016). Land investments are too often considered to be land grabbing. Improving land governance requires better analysis. DIIS Impact June 2016.

Buur, Lars. 2016. Interview. Danske investorer risikerer kæmpetab i skandaleramt Mozambique-firma.  2. maj 29, 2016.

Buur, Lars. 2016. Interview. Eksperter: Milliarder til miner hjælper ikke Afrikas fattige.  

Buur, Lars. 2016. Interview. Im Slum wird kurzer Prozess gemacht. Frankfurter Rundschau.,1472596,33704700.html  

Buur, Lars and Julie Rosenkilde. 2016. Inddrag modtagerlandene i partnerskabsaftaler. Altinget. 26. januar. 2016. Lars Buur and Julie Rosenkilde

Buur, Lars and Julie Rosenkilde. 2016. Danmark skal omfavne nye globale alliancemuligheder. Altinget. 12. januar 2016 Lars Buur, and Julie Rosenkilde


Buur, Lars (2015) ‘Muddling through’ by way of modelling: Representing complex relationships. / in. Perspectives on politics, production and public administration in Africa: essays in honour of Ole Therkildsen. red. / Lars Buur; Anne Mette Kjær; Lars Engberg Pedersen. Copenhagen : Institut for Internationale Studier / Dansk Center for Internationale Studier og Menneskerettigheder, 2015. s. 209-227.

Dancer, H. and Sulle E. (2015). Gender implications of agricultural commercialisation: the case of sugarcane production in Kilombero District, Tanzania. Future Agricultures working paper, Brighton 

Kjær, Anne Mette; Lars Engberg-Pedersen, and Lars Buur (Eds.). (2015) Perspectives on Politics, Production and Public Administration in Africa: Essays in Honour of Ole Therkildsen. / Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), 2015. 271 s.

Monajne, Celso (2015): Rethinking the Politics of Distribution in Africa: the Case of Mozambique. Newsletter of the African Political Conference Group, Vol. 11, 2015, Pp. 5-6. 

Sulle E. (2015). The biofuels boom and bust in Africa: a timely lesson for the New Alliance initiative. Future Agricultures Consortium and PLAAS Policy Brief, Brighton 

Sulle, E. and R. Smalley (2015). Study of sugarcane outgrowing at Kilombero: Stakeholder feedback report. Occasional paper, Brighton, Future Agricultures.

Pedersen, R. H. and P. Bofin (2015). The politics of gas contract negotiations in Tanzania: a review. DIIS Working Paper 2015: 03. Copenhagen, Denmark, DIIS.

Pedersen, R. H. (2015). Oil and gas can contribute to development in Africa despite falling oil prices. DIIS Impact, 23 March 2015. Copenhagen, Denmark, DIIS.

Pedersen, R. H. & Wolff, S. M. 2015. Tanzanias skæbnevalg. 16 Oct 2015 Jyllands-Posten

Buur, Lars. 2015. Interview. Sydafrika ramt af mordbølge på immigranter. DR P1 Radioavisen 18.00.!/


Buur, Lars (2014): The Development of Natural Resource Linkages in Mozambique: The Ruling Elite Capture of New Economic Opportunities. DIIS Working Paper, 2014:03.

Pedersen, R. H. and L. Buur (2014). "Land, Mobility and Belonging in West Africa by Carola Lentz." Book Reviews. Governance in Africa 1(1): 2-4.

Smalley, R. E. Sulle & L. Malale (2014). The role of the state and foreign capital in agricultural commercialization: the case of sugarcane outgrowers in Kilombero District, Tanzania. Future Agricultures working paper, Brighton 

Sulle E. & R. Hall (2014): International and regional guidelines on land governance and land-based investments: An agenda for African states. Future Agricultures Consortium and PLAAS Policy Brief, Brighton 

Sulle E. R. Smalley & L. Malale (2014): Opportunities and Challenges in Tanzania’s Sugar Industry: Lessons for SAGCOT and the New Alliance. Future Agricultures Consortium and PLAAS Policy Brief, Brighton

Whitfield, Lindsay and Lars Buur (2014). The Politics of Industrial Policy: Ruling Elites and their Alliances. Third World Quarterly, 35(1): 126-144.